Bangsaen Coastal Tourism and Management: A Field Study of Beach Activities and Their Influences

Bangsaen Beach is a popular destination for domestic excursionists from Thailand and visitors from around the world. The world population is progressively congregating along the coasts, and the impact of the activities of these visitors are obvious. Tourists at Bangsaen Beach are faced with abundant debris of plastic waste at low tide, traffic congestion during the peak season, and competitive vending businesses in an overcrowded atmosphere. The authors conducted a field study at the beach of Bangsaen, Thailand, to investigate the current beach activities, the attractions, the problems, and the environmental impacts to this coastal destination. As the coastal area is the intermediate zone between the land and sea, its ecosystems and beach attractions are dependent on each other. The presence of peak pressure from tourists and the activities associated with them demand a thorough understanding of the impacts and consequences. The traditional Thai-style vending stalls, sunbeds, and vendors’ competitive business operations create a colorful but crowding phenomena. This paper collected field data, analyzed the problems, and drew findings to propose strategies for the integration of sustainable coastal tourism management at this location. It recommends that a monotonous tourist destination needs to have recreational varieties; traffic congestion needs to have tourist displacement attractions; a degraded beach atmosphere needs to have quality sunbeds and relaxed environment; an informal sector with low-income needs to diversify economic opportunities; and a successful tourism management is based on sound tourism planning and development. Coastal tourism touches upon the local people’s daily lives, economic outcomes, and environmental impacts, which require a suitable strategic management plan.

Sustainable Gastronomy in the Peruvian Amazon: An Observational Approach to Touristic Restaurants

The study assessed the practices of sustainability in touristic restaurants from the perspective of the value perceived by the customer. The research mainly focused on practices of environmental sustainability, though it also assessed practices of social inclusiveness and economic viability. The model included forty-two variables measured based on structured observations in thirty-nine touristic restaurants in Iquitos, a key touristic destination in the Peruvian Amazon with a great potential for gastronomic tourism because of its biodiversity and rich culinary heritage. The analysis of data revealed several gaps in the application of sustainable practices in these restaurants along the three dimensions examined. These findings suggest the need for integrated policies aimed not only at enhancing the appreciation of these practices by restaurateurs, staff, and costumers, but also at promoting their gradual incorporation as a routine part of service in touristic restaurants.

College Students’ Outdoor Exercise Patterns: Perceived Benefits, Barriers, and Experiences

Previous studies have documented health and psychological benefits associated with exercise in the outdoors. However, questions still exist about the perceived benefits of and commitment to outdoor exercise throughout the seasons in a northern climate, and little is known about the outdoor exercise patterns and experiences of the college student demographic. A survey was conducted with undergraduate students (N = 502) in order to assess the year-round patterns and perceived benefits, barriers, and experiences they associate with outdoor exercise. Cluster analysis was used to group participants according to indoor/outdoor exercise patterns, and the groups’ perceived benefits, barriers, and outdoor exercise experiences were compared using ANOVA and Tukey HSD tests. The three identified indoor/outdoor exercise groups (year-round outdoor, seasonal outdoor, and indoor) differed in exercise patterns where the year-round outdoor group yielded greater total exercise scores as compared with the other groups. Participants in all three groups believed there were benefits to outdoor over indoor exercise, and the groups did not differ in terms of what those benefits were. The year-round outdoor group was less affected by certain outdoor exercise barriers and rated environmental experience items such as comfort, interest in trying new activities, and connection to the natural environment higher than the indoor group. Areas for further research were noted including identifying when (i.e., with how much experience) outdoor exercise becomes perceptually easier and what types and quantities of outdoor exercise foster a sense of empowerment that is motivating for healthy outdoor and total exercise patterns. Suggestions for college outdoor fitness facilities and programs were also discussed.